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Prevalence

2017

Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council (2017)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2017 report.

Canberra: Department of the Prime Minster and Cabinet

This is the sixth report against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework (HPF). The HPF monitors progress in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health outcomes, health system performance and the broader determinants of health. This report includes updates for all administrative data collections and also the ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey results for 2014-15. The health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is improving for a number of measures, although there remain many areas where further concerted effort will be needed to achieve improvements in health outcomes. Data quality limitations and the small size of many estimates affect the ability to effectively monitor Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and the performance of the health system.

The 2017 HPF report is supported by detailed analyses including dynamic data displays with interactive charts and online tables published by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Abstract adapted from Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council

Key facts: Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2017)

Australian Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre

Key facts: Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is an infographic that reports a number of key national facts about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and illicit drug use:

  • percentage of users in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population
  • the most commonly used illicit drugs
  • health and social impacts of cannabis, injecting drugs and amphetamines
  • treatment services
  • elements of effective alcohol and drug program services.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2017)

Summary of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2016.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This latest Summary of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status provides an up-to-date, plain language summary of the health of Indigenous people. It includes Indigenous-specific information on:

  • population
  • births
  • deaths
  • common health problems
  • health risk and protective factors.

The Summary has been prepared by the HealthInfoNet as part of its effort to help 'close the gap' by providing the evidence base to inform practice and policy in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. The Summary aims to make this information available to all people, including those without a specialised knowledge of the health field. The HealthInfoNet makes relevant high quality knowledge and information readily accessible to policy makers, health service providers, program managers, clinicians, researchers and the general community.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework.

Retrieved 30 May 2017 from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/indigenous-health-welfare/health-performance-framework/contents/summary

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017)

Alcohol and other drug treatment National Minimum Data set (AODTS NMDS 2015–16).

Retrieved 20 April 2017 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/data-sources/aodts-nmds-2015-16/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017)

National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) 2016 key findings.

Retrieved 1 June 2017 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/data-sources/ndshs-2016/key-findings/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017)

National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2016: detailed findings.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Heard S, Iversen J, Kwon JA, Maher L (2017)

Needle and Syringe Program national minimum data collection: national data report 2017.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

2016

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016)

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014-15.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

This publication presents results of the 2014-15 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social survey (NATSISS). The survey was conducted from September 2014 to June 2015 with a sample of 11,178 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in private dwellings across Australia. The NATSISS is a six-yearly multidimensional social survey which provides broad, self-reported information across key areas of social interest for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, primarily at the national level and by remoteness. Topics include language and culture, social networks and support, health, education, work, access to services, crime and justice, housing and financial stress. Supporting summary tables provide an overview for different population groups and selected themes.

Abstract adapted from Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2016)

Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2015.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2015. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services (AODTS).

Retrieved 20 April 2016 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/aodts/

Da Silva K, Petricevic M, Petrie M (2016)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2014-15.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Emergent Form, MacRae A, Hoareau J (2016)

Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [infographic video].

: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This animated infographic provides an audiovisual snapshot of information on illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including; prevalence, harms and risk factors associated with illicit drug use

The infographic was produced based on the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Hoareau J (2016)

Plain language review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Perth: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This review is a plain language version of the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2016). It provides an overview of key information on illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people as well as some general information on illicit drug use in Australia. Technical terms are explained and information is provided in an easy to understand format, with additional graphs to illustrate data. This review provides information that has specific relevance to the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including:

  • the harms caused by illicit drug use
  • policies that aim to address illicit drug use
  • effective alcohol and other drug services
  • barriers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may experience when using services.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

MacRae A, Hoareau J (2016)

Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [eBook].

: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This eBook provides an overview of the use of illicit drugs among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. The eBook provides an interactive, visually enhanced, online version of information based on the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2016). It provides general contextual information on illicit drug use in Australia as well as information on the social and historical factors of particular relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Detailed information is provided on:

  • the level of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • the harms to health and community caused by illicit drug use
  • the policies that aim to address illicit drug use
  • characteristics of effective alcohol and other drug services
  • possible barriers for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when using services.

The eBook is available free to download on Mac or iOS devices.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Sindicich N, Stafford J, Breen C (2016)

Australian trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2015: findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Stafford J, Breen C (2016)

Australian drug trends 2015: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2016)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2016 report.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. It is the seventh report in a series commissioned by all Australian governments, designed to measure progress in overcoming the disadvantage faced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The report is produced by the Steering Committee, commissioned by the Council of Australia Governments (COAG), in consultation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The Steering Committee is advised by a working group made up of representatives from all Australian governments, the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples, the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

The report measures progress in relation to COAG Closing the Gap targets and against 52 indicators. Progress is measured across a range of areas including governance, leadership and culture, early childhood, education, health, home and safe and supportive communities. The report also includes case studies on things that work to improve outcomes.

The information in this report can help inform the design of policies.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission

2015

Australian Crime Commission (2015)

Illicit drug data report 2013-14.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014 report: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014 report: detailed analyses, is the fifth in a series of reports against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework which are published every two years. This report provides information on a range of measures of health status, determinants of health and the health system performance relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. Detailed tables to support the analysis presented in this report are provided.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2013 - 14.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents information about publicly funded alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment services in Australia for 2013-14. It includes data on:

  • the number of treatment episodes
  • characteristics of clients
  • drugs of concern
  • types of treatment.

Information on the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients seeking treatment is included.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Bryant J, Ward J, Wand H, Byron K, Bamblett A, Waples-Crowe P, Betts S, Coburn T, Delaney-Thiele D, Worth H, Kaldor J, Pitts M (2015)

Illicit and injecting drug use among Indigenous young people in urban, regional and remote Australia.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12320):

Burns J, Burrow S, Drew N, Elwell M, Gray C, Harford-Mills M, Hoareau J, Lynch R, MacRae A, O’Hara T, Potter C, Ride K, Trzesinski A (2015)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2014.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2014. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Doyle MF, Butler TG, Shakeshaft A, Guthrie J, Reekie J, Schofield PW (2015)

Alcohol and other drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men entering prison in New South Wales.

Health & Justice; 3: 15

Retrieved 11 August 2015 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40352-015-0027-1

Saulo D (2015)

GOANNA The first national survey of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 16-29 years.

Paper presented at the National methamphetamine symposium: making research work in practice. 12 May 2015, Melbourne, Victoria

Su J, Decolongon D, Sidaway P (2015)

The Northern Territory Needle Syringe Program Minimum Data Set: annual report 2014.

Northern Territory Disease Control Bulletin; 22(2): 21-26

2014

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: updated results, 2012–13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Crime Commission (2014)

Illicit drug data report 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report: 2013.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Lee KSK, Chikritzhs T, Wilson S, Wilkes E, Gray D, Room R, Conigrave KM (2014)

Better methods to collect self-reported alcohol and other drug use data from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 33(5): 466–472

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2014)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2014.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. It is the sixth report in a series commissioned by all Australian governments, designed to measure progress in overcoming the disadvantage faced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. The report measures the progress of the six targets set by the Council of Australian Governments Closing the gap strategy, together with other identified significant indicators. The report has three main sections:

  • an overview of the key messages
  • the main report which provides the evidence base for the framework for the report and detailed information on outcomes
  • tables expanding on the data presented in the report.

The information in this report can help inform the design of policies.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission

2013

Anomie, MacRae A, Burns J, Poynton M, D'Costa B, Ride K, Gray C, Thomson N, Hoareau J, Trzesinski A, Levitan L (2013)

Overview of the health of Indigenous people in Western Australia 2013.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides comprehensive information specific to Western Australia (WA) on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This WA Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Indigenous people in WA in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: first results, Australia, 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

This summary of the first findings from the 2012-13 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey provides information on long-term health conditions, health risk factors, selected social and emotional wellbeing indicators, health measurements, and health related actions for Indigenous Australian peoples. Information is included on Indigenous peoples living in remote and non-remote areas.

Abstract adapted from Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Crime Commission (2013)

Illicit drug data report 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Western Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010-11: state and territory findings.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Healthy for life: results for July 2007-June 2011.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data from services receiving Healthy for life (HfL) funding, including the number of clients and health outcomes measured by 10 essential indicators (EIs) covering maternal and child health and chronic disease care:

  • timing of first antenatal visit
  • average birthweight
  • low and high birthweight babies
  • risk factors identified during pregnancy
  • immunisation rates
  • conduct of adult health checks
  • chronic disease management plans, GP management plans and team care arrangements
  • glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) blood tests for clients with type 2 diabetes (whether done in the last 6 months, and the results)
  • blood pressure tests for clients with type 2 diabetes (whether done in the last 6 months, and the results)
  • blood pressure tests for clients with coronary heart disease (whether done in the last 6 months, and the results)

It is the first publicly released report published since data collection and reporting for the Healthy for life program began in 2007. Healthy for life (HfL) program was established with a set of key objectives to improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The report provides comparisons over time, making it easy to see how the program has developed and its major achievements.

About 100 health services were funded as part of the program, but not all were required to provide data. Those providing data for the report represent 85% of all services funded in the 2010-11 reporting period. The services are widely distributed in every state and territory, from major cities to very remote areas.

The HfL aligns with the principles and priorities of the National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (NSF), 2003- 2013 and the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Closing the gap initiative, and is the first Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (OATSIH) funded program with a strong focus on continuous quality improvement (CQI) to collect and report on health outcome data that goes beyond service activity reporting.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW)

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Indigenous Early Childhood Development National Partnership Agreement: first annual report on health performance indicators.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report is the first annual performance report for the Indigenous Early Childhood Development National Partnership Agreement (IECD NPA). It provides the latest available information, as well as time trends, on each of the six health-related indicators (of the 10 performance indicators) in the IECD NPA.

The report has chapters on each of the health-related indicators that include detailed data tables and information on methods and data sources:

  • antenatal care
  • teenage rates of sexually transmissible infections
  • low birthweight
  • infant mortality
  • substance use during pregnancy
  • child under five years of age hospitalisation rates by principal diagnosis.

The IECD NPA is a Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreement established to improve the health and developmental outcomes for Indigenous children across Australia. The IECD NPA is an integral part of COAG's broader agenda to 'close the gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in health, early childhood education and care, education and employment; and it is also closely aligned with other policies such as Investing in the early years - a national early childhood development strategy.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Fetherston J, Carruthers S, Butler T, Wilson D, Sindicich N (2013)

Rates of injection in prison in a sample of Australian-injecting drug users.

Journal of Substance Use; 18(1): 65-73

Moore E, Winter R, Indig D, Greenberg D, Kinner SA (2013)

Non-fatal overdose among adult prisoners with a history of injecting drug use in two Australian states.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence; 133(1): 45 - 51

Richmond RL, Indig D, Butler TG, Wilhelm KA, Archer VA, Wodak AD (2013)

Smoking and other drug characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners in Australia.

Journal of Addiction; 2013: 516342

Retrieved 10 March 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/516342

Stafford J, Burns L (2013)

Australian drug trends 2012. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Van Dooren K, Richards A, Lennox N, Kinner SA (2013)

Complex health-related needs among young, soon-to-be-released prisoners.

Health & Justice; 1

Retrieved 24 October 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2194-7899-1-1

2012

Australian Crime Commission (2012)

Illicit drug data report 2010-11.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2010-11: report on the National Minimum Data Set.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Degenhardt L, Hall W (2012)

Extent of illicit drug use and dependence, and their contribution to the global burden of disease.

The Lancet; 379(9810): 55-70

Doolan I, Najman JM, Cherney A (2012)

Health needs of Australian Indigenous young people entering detention.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 48(10): 896–901

Heffernan E, Anderson K, Dev A (2012)

Inside Out: the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody report.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Taussig I, Jones C (2012)

Penalties and reconviction risk among offenders convicted of drug driving.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

The Kirby Institute (2012)

Highlighting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research at The Kirby Institute.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

The Australian Indigenous and Torres Strait Islander health program was established at the Kirby Institute in 2007, with an aim to close the gap in the health disparity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians. The key focus of the Institute's work is sexual health and blood borne viruses, working in collaboration with other key health sectors involved in substance use, offender health, and social and emotional wellbeing research.

This report outlines a number of projects being conducted by the Kirby Institute across Australia. Information for each project includes:

  • description of the project
  • Aboriginal community involvement
  • expected benefits to the community
  • investigators
  • collaborating organisations
  • funding body
  • contacts.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Thomson N, MacRae A, Brankovich J, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, Maling C, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Urquhart B (2012)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2011.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

White V, Bariola E (2012)

Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2011.

Canberra: Drug Strategy Branch, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

 
Last updated: 20 February 2018
 
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