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Social Impacts

2017

Key facts: Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2017)

Australian Indigenous Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre

Key facts: Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is an infographic that reports a number of key national facts about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and illicit drug use:

  • percentage of users in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population
  • the most commonly used illicit drugs
  • health and social impacts of cannabis, injecting drugs and amphetamines
  • treatment services
  • elements of effective alcohol and drug program services.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Bielefeld S (2017)

Cashless welfare cards: controlling spending patterns to what end?.

Indigenous Law Bulletin; 8(29): 28-32

Collaboration for Impact (2017)

Growing our kids up safe smart and strong.

: Collaboration for Impact

This video describes the story of the Maranguka Justice Reinvestment Project in Bourke, New South Wales. The project is an innovative, Indigenous led partnership aimed at creating a safer community in Bourke and better lives for young people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Gannoni A, Goldsmid S (2017)

Readiness to change drug use and help-seeking intentions of police detainees: findings from the DUMA program.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Just Reinvest NSW (2017)

Smarter sentencing and parole law reform: policy paper: key proposals #1.

Sydney: Just Reinvest NSW

Munro A, Shakeshaft A, Clifford A (2017)

The development of a healing model of care for an Indigenous drug and alcohol residential rehabilitation service: a community-based participatory research approach.

Health & Justice; 5(1): 12

Retrieved 4 December 2017 from https://doi.org/10.1186/s40352-017-0056-z

Newton BJ (2017)

An Aboriginal community's perceptions and experiences of child neglect in a rural town.

Australian Journal of Social Issues; 52(3): 32-77

Royal Commission and Board of Inquiry into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory (2017)

Report of the Royal Commission and Board of Inquiry into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory.

Darwin: Royal Commission and Board of Inquiry into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory

The Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory delivered its report to the Commonwealth and Northern Territory (NT) Governments on 17 November 2017. The Terms of reference for the report asked the Commission to look at the NT's youth detention and welfare over 10 years from 1 August 2006.

Some findings of the commission were that over 10 years:

  • youth detention centres used during the relevant period were not fit for accommodating children
  • at times children in detention were mistreated, verbally abused, humiliated, isolated or left alone for long periods of time.
  • in some cases children in detention may have been assaulted by staff
  • at times, youth justice officers deliberately withheld detainees' access to basic human needs such as water, food and the use of toilets
  • senior staff ignored the obligations imposed by legislation for the sake of operational convenience
  • senior people in NT Government knew about the conditions and did nothing
  • there are young people that have been damaged because of their time in detention.

The report made over 230 specific recommendations including:

  • NT Government immediately close Don Dale Youth Detention Centre
  • use of spit hoods should continue to be prohibited
  • NT and Commonwealth Governments immediately engage with Aboriginal community representatives to negotiate the broad terms for the partnership and its implementation across the NT built on the following principles:
    • the best interest of the child
    • local solutions for local problems
    • local decision-making
    • the centrality of family and community to the wellbeing of children and young people
    • the NT Government has the ultimate responsibility to ensure the safety and security of all NT children and young people
    • shared responsibility and accountability.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory (2017)

Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory: interim report.

Canberra: Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory

Smith K (2017)

The cashless debit card trial: a public health, rights-based approach to better health and social outcomes.

Indigenous Law Bulletin; 8(29): 22-27

Wand H, Bryant J, Worth H, Pitts M, Kaldor JM, Delaney-Thiele D, Ward J (2017)

Low education levels are associated with early age of sexual debut, drug use and risky sexual behaviours among young Indigenous Australians.

Sexual Health; 15(1): 68-75

2016

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Exploring drug treatment and homelessness in Australia: 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2014.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Dawes G (2016)

Keeping on country: Doomadgee and Mornington Island recidivism research report.

Townsville, Qld: North and West Remote Health

Emergent Form, MacRae A, Hoareau J (2016)

Illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [infographic video].

: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This animated infographic provides an audiovisual snapshot of information on illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including; prevalence, harms and risk factors associated with illicit drug use

The infographic was produced based on the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Growns B, Kinner S, Baldry E, Conroy E, Larney S (2016)

Supported accommodation services for people released from custody: a systematic review to inform the development of the Rainbow Lodge Program.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Hoareau J (2016)

Plain language review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Perth: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This review is a plain language version of the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2016). It provides an overview of key information on illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people as well as some general information on illicit drug use in Australia. Technical terms are explained and information is provided in an easy to understand format, with additional graphs to illustrate data. This review provides information that has specific relevance to the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including:

  • the harms caused by illicit drug use
  • policies that aim to address illicit drug use
  • effective alcohol and other drug services
  • barriers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may experience when using services.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

KPMG (2016)

Unlocking the Future: Maranguka justice reinvestment project in Bourke preliminary assessment.

Sydney: KPMG

MacRae A, Hoareau J (2016)

Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [eBook].

: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This eBook provides an overview of the use of illicit drugs among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. The eBook provides an interactive, visually enhanced, online version of information based on the Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (2016). It provides general contextual information on illicit drug use in Australia as well as information on the social and historical factors of particular relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Detailed information is provided on:

  • the level of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • the harms to health and community caused by illicit drug use
  • the policies that aim to address illicit drug use
  • characteristics of effective alcohol and other drug services
  • possible barriers for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people when using services.

The eBook is available free to download on Mac or iOS devices.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Miller P, Cox E, Costa B, Mayshak R, Walker A, Hyder S, Tonner L, Day A (2016)

Alcohol/drug-involved family violence in Australia.

Canberra: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund

Stathopoulos M, Jenkinson R (2016)

Establishing the connection: interventions linking service responses for sexual assault with drug or alcohol use/abuse: final report.

Sydney: Australia's National Research Organisation for Women's Safety

2015

Doolan I, Najman J, Henderson S, Cherney A, Plotnikova M, Ward J, Kemp R, Dev A, Smirnov A (2015)

A retrospective comparison study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander injecting drug users and their contact with youth detention and/or prison.

Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin; 15(3)

Retrieved 10 August 2015 from http://healthbulletin.org.au/articles/a-retrospective-comparison-study-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-injecting-drug-users-and-their-contact-with-youth-detention-andor-prison/

Whittaker E, Swift W, Roxburgh A, Dietze P, Cogger S, Bruno R, Sindicich N, Burns L (2015)

Multiply disadvantaged: health and service utilisation factors faced by homeless injecting drug consumers in Australia.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12257):

2014

Cutcher Z, Degenhardt L, Alati R, Kinner SA (2014)

Poor health and social outcomes for ex-prisoners with a history of mental disorder: a longitudinal study.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 38(5): 424–429

Hing N, Breen H, Gordon A, Russell A (2014)

Gambling among Indigenous men and problem gambling risk factors: an Australian study.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 12(4): 491-508

Kinner SA, Degenhardt L, Coffey C, Sawyer S, Hearps S, Patton G (2014)

Complex health needs in the youth justice system: a survey of community-based and custodial offenders.

Journal of Adolescent Health; 54(5): 521–526

Lee KSK, Harrison K, Mills K, Conigrave KM (2014)

Needs of Aboriginal Australian women with comorbid mental and alcohol and other drug use disorders.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 33(5): 473–481

Moore E, Indig D, Haysom L (2014)

Traumatic brain injury, mental health, substance use, and offending among incarcerated young people.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation; 29(3): 239-247

Stevens M, Paradies Y (2014)

Changes in exposure to 'life stressors' in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, 2002 to 2008.

BMC Public Health; 14: 144

Retrieved 11 February 2014 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-144

2013

Brennan T, Charles A, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Mildura.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Campbell D (2013)

Economic rationality in choosing between short-term bad-health choices and longer-term good-health choices.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 10(11): 5971-5988

Doolan I (2013)

Causes and consequences of youth detention.

Master of Philosophy thesis, The University of Queensland: Brisbane

Duffin W, Riley B, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Kuranda.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Hams K, Murray B, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Cherbourg.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Ingram D, Taylor N, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Redfern, Sydney.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

McGrady G, Peckham M, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Toomelah.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

McGuire V, Boladeras J, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Narrogin.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

An economic analysis for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders: prison vs residential treatment.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report was commissioned by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee to:

  • identify the patterns and prevalence of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in the prison system
  • outline the impacts and implications of incarceration for Indigenous Australians
  • analyse the costs and benefits of addressing Indigenous problematic substance use with treatment, particularly residential rehabilitation, as compared to prison.

A number of sources of information, including a scan of relevant literature and data repositories and consultations with key stakeholders, were used to inform the analysis.

The report highlights the cost and health benefits of diversionary programs and community residential rehabilitation for Indigenous people who have been convicted of non-violent, substance use related offences.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health: revised edition.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report provides a comprehensive examination of Indigenous incarceration in Australia. The report provides details on:

  • prison-related health risks
  • characteristics of Indigenous prisoners and detainees and trend information about Indigenous incarceration
  • Indigenous alcohol and other drug use issues and how they interact with the justice system
  • reasons for over-representation of Indigenous Australians in the correctional system
  • intervention opportunities within the criminal justice system
  • issues for consideration, including Indigenous participation in diversion programs, access to health care while in the correctional system and after release, recidivism, cost of incarceration, and the suitability of programs
  • recommendations.

This report provides an update to the Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health report released in 2009.

The National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee was de-funded in 2014.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Ryder A, Blurton D, Hansen C, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Perth.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Social Inclusion Action Research Group (2013)

Reducing stigma and discrimination relating to alcohol and other drugs in Western Australia: position paper.

Perth: Western Australia Drug and Alcohol Office

Tjalaminu M, Miller D, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Northam/Toodyay.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Topp L, Iversen J, Baldry E, Maher L (2013)

Housing instability among people who inject drugs: results from the Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey.

Journal of Urban Health; 90(4): 699-716

Western Australian Council of Social Service, Western Australian Association for Mental Health, Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies (2013)

Justice and community safety in Western Australia: a call for efficient investment in effective outcomes.

Perth, WA: Western Australian Council of Social Service

This report outlines offending and justice issues in Western Australia (WA), and recommends a policy shift to 'justice reinvestment', an approach that aims to address the risk factors of crime, crime prevention, and adequate rehabilitation of offenders. This report provides details on:

  • current levels of offending in WA and the economic costs associated with these levels
  • the health and social determinants of offending
  • the role of the community sector
  • barriers to the adoption of a 'justice reinvestment' approach in WA
  • the 'delivering community services in partnership' policy in WA
  • recommendations.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

2012

Andrews JY, Kinner SA (2012)

Understanding drug-related mortality in released prisoners: a review of national coronial records.

BMC Public Health; 12: 270

Retrieved 4 April 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-270

Anex (2012)

Australian drug policy: harm reduction and ‘new recovery': discussion paper: draft for consultation.

Melbourne: Anex

Berry SL, Crowe TP, Deane FP, Billingham M, Bhagerutty Y (2012)

Growth and empowerment for Indigenous Australians in substance abuse treatment.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 10(6): 970-983

Chenhall R, Senior K (2012)

Treating Indigenous Australians with alcohol/drug problems: assessing quality of life.

Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly; 30(2): 130-145

Kuipers P, Appleton J, Pridmore S (2012)

Thematic analysis of key factors associated with Indigenous and non-Indigenous suicide in the Northern Territory, Australia.

Rural and Remote Health; 12: 2235

Retrieved 31 December 2012 from http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/showarticlenew.asp?ArticleID=2235

Given the impact of suicide on individuals, families and communities, particularly for rural, remote and Indigenous populations, the current study was undertaken to enhance understanding on this topic.

Thematic analysis was undertaken of 411 coroners' reports of completed suicides across a 10 year period, occurring in the Northern Territory, Australia. Data was extracted numerically and qualitatively, categorised and tallied.

Key factors associated with suicide in order of frequency of identification by coroners were:

  • alcohol and other drug abuse
  • conflict and relationship breakdown
  • mental illness and mental health concerns.

Considerable differences were noted between Indigenous and non-Indigenous cases.

An array of factors were associated with suicide and considerable variation was found between Indigenous and non-Indigenous cases. The relative importance of social and contextual factors is confirmed for people at risk of suicide in rural, remote and Indigenous populations. These findings suggest relative priorities for suicide prevention and postvention.

Abstract adapted from Rural and Remote Health

Lee L, Midford R, Malone S (2012)

The Dampier Peninsula Prevention Project: working with a group of remote Australian Aboriginal communities to address alcohol and drug use.

International Journal of Health Promotion and Education; 50(3): 111-124

Taussig I, Jones C (2012)

Penalties and reconviction risk among offenders convicted of drug driving.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

Thomson N, Burns J, McLoughlin N (2012)

The impact of health on the education of Indigenous children.

In: Beresford Q, Partington G, Gower G, eds. Reform and resistance in Aboriginal education: fully revised edition. Revised ed. Perth, WA: UWA Publishing: 202-234

The revised edition of Reform and resistance in Aboriginal education reflects on the challenges and achievements that have occurred for both teachers and students in this significant area of education since the book's original release in 2003. The chapter, The impact of health on the education of Indigenous children, reviews the specific health issues currently affecting Indigenous children, and how these issues impact on their education. The chapter provides a summary of key indicators of Indigenous health status.

Prevalent issues and indicators discussed include:

  • infant mortality and birthweight status
  • nutrition
  • substance use
  • anaemia
  • ear disease and hearing loss
  • infectious diseases
  • eye conditions
  • oral health
  • injuries
  • social and emotional wellbeing.

Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Turner-Walker J (2012)

Clash of the paradigms : night patrols in remote central Australia.

Masters in Criminal Justice thesis, University of Western Australia: Perth, WA

 
Last updated: 19 February 2018
 
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